Behavioral theory supports the idea that leadership traits can be learned through development and experience this steps away from the great man theory by arguing that leaders can be made, and are not necessarily born with the traits. Trait theory of leadership the trait model of leadership is based on the characteristics of many leaders - both successful and unsuccessful - and is used to predict leadership effectiveness the resulting lists of traits are then compared to those of potential leaders to assess their likelihood of success or failure. Over time, a number of different theories of leadership have evolved. 4 review of leadership theory a review of the leadership literature reveals an evolving series of 'schools of thought' from great man and trait theories to transformational leadership (see table.
Trait theories often identify particular personality or behavioral characteristics shared by leaders but if particular traits are key features of leadership. Trait leadership is defined as integrated patterns of personal characteristics that reflect a range of individual differences and foster consistent leader effectiveness across a variety of group and organizational situations (zaccaro, kemp, & bader, 2004. Introduction after several decades of leadership research that attempted to identify the specific and unique traits characteristic of those in supervisory positions, academic research shifted to pursue the patterns of behavior exhibited by those who were influential in and around positions of formal leadership.
In spite of the limitations, the trait theory of leadership is not completely invalid their theory indicates that a leader should have certain personal traits this helps the management to develop such qualities in a leader through its various programmes of training and development. The trait theory of leadership is an early assumption that leaders are born and due to this belief, those that possess the correct qualities and traits are better suited to leadership this theory often identifies behavioural characteristics that are common in leaders. Trait theories theories that consider personal qualities and characteristics that differentiate leaders from non-leaders some traits increase the likelihood of success as a leader, but none of them guarantee success. Similar in some ways to great man theories, trait theories assume that people inherit certain qualities and traits that make them better suited to leadership trait theories often identify a particular personality or behavioral characteristics shared by leaders.
Storey (2004) identifies the main theories as trait theory, behavioural theories, situational and contingency theories, exchange and path-goal models, new leadership (charismatic and transformational theories), constructivist theory, leadership with learning and post-charismatic and post-transformational theories. The similarity between the trait and behavioral leadership theories is that they are both universal theories, or they are seeking one best leadership style for all situations the difference is the approach to determining leadership effectiveness. Part i theories of leadership and management 1 theories and styles of leadership the great man theory trait theory behavioral theory. The integrated psychological theory of leadership is an attempt to integrate the strengths of the older theories (ie traits, behavioral/styles, situational and functional) while addressing their limitations, largely by introducing a new element - the need for leaders to develop their leadership presence, attitude toward others and. Behavioural theories (1940's - 1950's) in reaction to the trait leadership theory, the behavioural theories are offering a new perspective, one that focuses on the behaviours of the leaders as opposed to their mental, physical or social characteristics.
Leadership theories are often categorized based on what the theory believes to be the defining trait or characteristic of the leader or the framework he or she uses while there are a number of theories, the most popular theories include: the great man theory, trait theories, behavioral theories, contingency theories, transactional theories. The behavioral theory of leadership and the contingency theory of leadership are two different approaches used by behavioral scientist to understand leadership the intention is to present a comparative analysis of the two leadership theories. 641 trait theories trait theories of leadership identify the specific personality traits that distinguish leaders from non-leaders they are based on the premise that leaders are 'born, not made' (ie, that leadership is largely innate, rather than being developed through learning.
Trait theory of leadership believes that leaders have certain traits that make them a good leader on the other hand, the behavioral theory of leadership believes that leaders behave in one of. The trait theory of leadership focuses on identifying different personality traits and characteristics that are linked to successful leadership across a variety of situations this line of research emerged as one of the earliest types of investigations into the nature of effective leadership and is tied to the great man theory of leadership. Trait theory and behavioural theory of leadership i spent some time today reading about leadership theories and find that the subject to be really facinating to study.